The timely implementation of the EU`s climate and energy framework by 2030 was seen as an important sign of the EU`s commitment to the goals of the Paris Agreement. Ministers also stressed the importance of swift ratification of the agreement. As soon as the European Parliament has given its green light, the closure decision will be formally adopted by the Council. The EU will then be able to ratify the agreement. The EU is at the forefront of international efforts to combat climate change. It played an important role in mediating the Paris Agreement and continues to play a global leadership role. It encourages ambitious action to combat climate change in multilateral for a and in bilateral cooperation with countries outside the EU. The EU and its Member States are among the nearly 190 parties to the Paris Agreement. The EU adopted the agreement on 5 On 4 November 2016, it was formally ratified on 1 October 2016, allowing its entry into force on 4 November 2016. For the agreement to enter into force, at least 55 countries, which have escaped at least 55% of global emissions, had to deposit their instruments of ratification. Representatives of the Presidency of the Council and of the European Commission deposited the official ratification documents with the Secretary-General of the United Nations, depositary of the agreement. At an Environment Council meeting in Luxembourg, the EU`s 28 national delegates gave their blessing to a common position ahead of the annual UN climate change conference in December.
The Climate Diplomacy Action Plan for 2016 focuses on three main areas: the agreement recognises the role of actors not party to the fight against climate change, including cities, other sub-national authorities, civil society, the private sector and others. EU Heads of State and Government welcomed the historic agreement reached at COP21 in Paris and invited the Commission and the Council to assess the results by March 2016, in particular as regards the 2030 climate and energy policy framework, and to prepare the next steps. The EU is already ahead of its climate targets and has reduced its emissions by 23% compared to 1990. The Foreign Affairs Council adopted conclusions on climate diplomacy. The Council reaffirms that the EU will continue to play a leading role in pursuing global climate action. It also recognizes the impact of climate change on international security and stability. The EU is committed to the Paris Agreement and wants to play a leading role in the fight against climate change. The EU will need to update its long-term climate targets in 2020. Parliament wants more ambitious targets, but will EU countries agree to seek climate neutrality by 2050? Work to implement the commitments agreed under the Paris Agreement must continue, including assistance to developing countries, in order to achieve their goal of mobilizing $100 billion a year to fight climate change by 2020. The EU is also a provider of international climate finance to help developing countries fight climate change. Ministers agreed on a text that reaffirms that the Council will complete its work on a next climate neutrality target for 2050 by the end of the year.
However, the final conclusions on the EU`s 2030 target have been watered down. The EU`s national contribution (NSP) under the Paris Agreement is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by at least 40% by 2030 compared to 1990, as part of its broader climate and energy policy framework by 2030. All key EU legislation to achieve this goal was adopted before the end of 2018. This offers an opportunity to accelerate the great transformation of the European economy away from fossil fuels. The shift from internal combustion cars and airplanes to (fast) trains will be an important part of this transformation. The additional potential for economic growth and job creation lies in the field of energy efficiency, particularly in the buildings sector. . .