Trump – a climate denier who claimed climate change was a «scam» committed by China – announced in June 2017 his intention to withdraw the United States from the Paris Agreement. But despite the rose garden president`s statement that «we`re going out,» it`s not that simple. The withdrawal process requires the agreement to be in force for three years before a country can formally announce its intention to withdraw. It will be a year before leaving the pact. This means that the United States would not be able to officially withdraw until November 4, 2020, the day after the presidential elections. Even a formal withdrawal would not necessarily be permanent, experts say; A future president could return in just one month. For example, under the deal, China will be able to increase these emissions by an astonishing number of years – 13. They can do whatever they want for 13 years. Not us. India conditions its participation on receiving billions and billions and billions of dollars in foreign aid from developed countries. There are many other examples. But at the end of the day, the Paris Agreement at the highest level is very unfair to the United States. Although the NDC is not legally binding on each party, the law requires parties to have their progress verified by technical experts in order to assess performance vis-à-vis UNDP and to identify ways to strengthen ambitions.
 Article 13 of the Paris Agreement encodes a «enhanced transparency framework for measures and assistance», which establishes harmonised monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) requirements. Therefore, every two years, both developed and developing countries are required to report on their mitigation efforts and all parties are subject to technical and peer review.  Niklas Höhne, a climatologist and founder of the New Climate Institute in Germany, said Turkey was on the list of countries that have yet to ratify the agreement. The Paris Agreement, already described as a historic agreement after its adoption, owes its success not only to the return of a favourable context for climate change and sustainable development, but also to efforts to reshape the management of international climate negotiations. The Paris Agreement is supported by new initiatives, which are all adaptations to the difficulties identified by previous P.C.A. This innovative approach is based on four elements: the adoption of a universal agreement. Define the national contributions of each State to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. Although the text of the agreement does not mention the content of these contributions, it obliges the signatory States to draw up a contribution plan, to implement it and to increase the amounts regularly. The involvement of civil society in the negotiation process through the action programme adopted in November 2016, which brings together civil society initiatives from 180 countries. In 2015, members of civil society were appointed as high-level champions to facilitate civil society participation in the intergovernmental process.
The financial commitment of industrialized countries to contribute $100 billion per year from 2020. This funding, which goes through the Green Climate Fund created in 2009, should give priority to the States most threatened by the effects of climate change. It will also enable the parties to gradually increase their contribution to the fight against climate change in order to achieve the long-term objectives of the agreement. . . .