Late last year, Russian Defense Minister Sergei Choïgou arrived in Pakistan to discuss bilateral defence cooperation with Pakistani leaders. The agreement signed by Defense Minister Khawaja Asif and his Russian counterpart, Sergei Choïgou, was touted by Pakistan`s Defense Ministry as a «milestone» in defence relations between the two countries. The security partnership between Islamabad and Moscow has grown and expanded since late 2014, when the two former rivals signed their defence cooperation agreement. «The agreement was signed on Wednesday by senior Pakistani and Russian defence officials in Rawalpindi,» a military source said. Last November, Pakistan and Russia signed a bilateral defence cooperation agreement aimed at strengthening military-military relations. The agreement was followed by another «technical cooperation agreement,» which paved the way for the sale of defence equipment in Pakistan. During his visit, the Russian Defence Minister will also hold in-depth talks with the Pakistani authorities and meet with Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. Read also: Russian Defence Minister Arrives in Pakistan to Discuss Defence Cooperation Pakistan and Russia concluded their first strategic dialogue on 31 August 2013. During the discussions at the level of the foreign ministers in Moscow, the Pakistani side was led by the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Jalil Abbas Jilani, and the first Russian Deputy Foreign Minister, Vladimir Georgievich Titov, took his side. Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Igor Morgulov also participated in the consultations. According to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the dialogue establishes an institutional framework for the establishment of closer relations between the two countries through discussions on cooperation in the political, economic, defence and other fields.
The two sides exchanged views on regional and international developments. Overall, Pakistan and Russia agreed on closer high-level contacts, close coordination of positions on regional and international issues, and strengthening trade and investment relations and cooperation in the field of energy and electricity production.  In July 2015, COAS General Raheel Sharif visited Russia, where he was received by Russian military leaders in the Kremlin. This was An COAS` first visit to Russia. He received a guard of honour and during the laying of the wreath on the tomb of the unknown soldier, the national anthem was played by Pakistan. This was seen as an improvement in relations when India, a longtime ally of Russia, was heading to the United States. Pakistan and Russia sign a pioneering defense agreement in 2015. This agreement includes the sale of four «Hind E» helicopters to Pakistan.
Russia is also interested in joining the CPEC, which will benefit the CPEC and strengthen Pakistan`s economy. Another agreement in 2015 includes Russia to invest $2 billion in the North-South pipeline construction project, the first phase of which is expected to be completed by December 2017. ISLAMABAD, Pakistan – Pakistan and Russia on Thursday signed a «milestone» in military cooperation aimed at bringing peace and stability to the region, according to the Defense Ministry in Islamabad.